It is the mildest form of periodontal diseases. The most important reason is microbial dental plaque. Edema in the gum is noticed by red color, shine, or by spontaneous bleeding and bad breath. During this period, there is no pain or very little. Gingivitis can be fully treated with treatment and proper oral care. In addition, objects sinking into the gum also cause abscesses and acute pain in the gums.
It is the most common type of periodontitis. It is present in most adults. It progresses very slowly, its symptoms are late and hardly noticeable or ignored as it is considered normal. For this reason, it may sometimes be too late in treatment. The support surrounding the tooth is infection and destruction of the tissues. The gum, the fibers that connect the gum to the tooth and connect the root of the tooth to the tooth bone, and the pocket, by melting the tooth bone are formed. Microbial dental plaque and stones on the root surface under the gingiva, as well as bacteria and food residues accumulate and multiply in the pocket cavity, causing this infection to progress to deeper tissues and reduced tooth bone support. Symptoms; dark red, purplish gum color, gingival recession / growth, tooth dislocation, elongation, rotation, shaking, dysfunction, filling of food debris between the teeth and into the pockets, abscess formation, bad breath, aesthetic disorder. Beginner and intermediate chronic periodontitis are treated with non-surgical methods, while advanced chronic periodontitis is treated with additional surgical methods. Some systemic diseases such as diabetes and diseases affecting the immune system, stress and smoking affect the severity of chronic periodontitis and its response to treatment.
It is a type of periodontitis less frequently but more severely and affects young individuals. This condition can also be inherited. Individuals are systemically healthy. There are 2 types, local and common. Clinical symptoms associated with gingival in the local type are few, but pocket depth and bone destruction are advanced. In its common type, both clinical symptoms are noticeable and bone loss affected more females. Its treatment is more difficult and complex than chronic periodontitis.