The cavities containing fluid in the lower or upper jaw bones or soft tissue are called cysts. They may be of dental or developmental origin. They grow and expand in the area they are in, and can make swelling, pain, rocking or displacement in the surrounding teeth.
Diagnosis of cysts is made as a result of radiological, clinical and histopathological examinations. Surgical treatment of cysts is necessary because cysts that are not removed can grow over time and damage surrounding tissues. Cysts that are not treated can reach large sizes and cause problems such as infection, pain, resorption or fracture in the jaw bone, numbness as a result of compression on the nerve.